SDD2020

Emerging Security Challenges: Overcoming through Solidarity and Cooperation

Session I

Global Order and International Cooperation in the Age of COVID-19

Background

With the Coronavirus having impacted the entire world within a relatively short window of time, the international community finds itself in an environment of extreme confusion and chaos. Many countries are experiencing unprecedented humanitarian losses, and various social systems, including those geared to health and medical operations, have been paralyzed. Indirect effects of COVID-19 have been similarly devastating, with gaps in the global supply network and decreased trade between countries, together with growing unemployment, are working to amplify the international economic crisis.

One factor that has exacerbated the damage resulting from the crisis is the fact that the international community has shown a tendency to prioritize individualistic and nationalistic approaches instead of working towards the formation of cooperative responses. The early days of the emerging crisis saw shortcomings in the demonstrated leadership of major countries, and critical voices point out that collective responses from international organizations or regional coalitions were likewise relatively inadequate.

Moreover, as the COVID-19 pandemic becomes prolonged, the conflicts and divisions that were inherent in the international community are being accentuated. Discord between global powers that had already been in strategic competition is intensifying, and together with the economic crisis, national and regional military·political tension points are steadily coming to the fore.

There are also those who raise the possibility that the turmoil and conflict following the COVID-19 pandemic will, over a lengthy period of time, significantly shift the architecture of international order. In addition, concerns are emerging even now that such a tumultuous overhaul of the current system will undoubtedly result in a weakening of the foundations of regional and international security cooperation.

The need for solidarity and cooperation within the international sphere seems to be irrefutable, as the crisis brought forth by the COVID-19 pandemic is not merely a problem for individual nations or regions, but rather a dilemma of global proportions. In order to overcome this common challenge, and achieve sustainable peace and prosperity for the global community, it is essential that we seek out new ways of international cooperation.

Major Discussion Points

Characteristics of global politics and security order post-COVID19

Analysis of emerging challenges in the field of security and discussion of countermeasures

Courses of action to strengthen regional and international security cooperation