Borderless Security Crises and Multilateral Responses

Special Session 2

Enhancing International Cooperation for Safe and Secure Cyberspace


Advances in information and communications technology promoted interconnectivity between things and domains, resulting in the expansion of cyberspace. Subsequently, cyber threats have grown in volume with diversified goals and sophisticated methods. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, face-to-face activities have transitioned to cyber-based, contactless activities– which drastically increased the possibilities of cyber warfare that abuses such transition and inflicts damages tantamount to those of armed attacks.

Since closer interconnectivity among politics, economy, and society tends to manifest in a greater scale of cyberattacks and they take place irrespective of national borders or defense, public and civil sectors, the international community should work together to resolve cyberattack issues as its top priority. Countries around the world are strengthening their respective cybersecurity capabilities while simultaneously establishing an international cooperation mechanism to protect the borderless cyberspace and formulate collective responses to cybersecurity challenges. Public-private cooperation is also increasingly emphasized as an effective instrument in dealing with cyber threats.

The international community is strengthening state-to-state cooperation to carry out rapid response through the identification and attribution of malicious cyber actors, and public disclosure of malware source codes. Leading countries have even begun to improve their resiliency and deterrence against cyberattacks. Sustained efforts by the international community to establish international laws and norms for stability in cyberspace have led to multilateral successes in the form of the UN Group of Government Experts (UN GGE), the Open Ended Working Group (OEWG), and the Paris Call. There have also been constant efforts to improve mutual understanding and communication among countries and regions, and to reduce misunderstanding and conflicts through various confidence-building measures.

This session aims to discuss various ways to address cybersecurity issues and, by doing so, allow participating countries to share their technical experiences and policy lessons. Moreover, by seeking realistic and effective measures to improve international cooperation such as step-by-step confidence-building measures, this session aims to formulate mutually beneficial cooperation mechanisms and find ways to operationalize them.

Key Topics of Discussion

Current trends and prospects in cybersecurity caused by technological advancement

Efforts to build confidence among countries and regions in areas of national defense as well as the public and private sectors

Explore more practical and effective ways to improve international cooperation