SDD2021

Borderless Security Crises and Multilateral Responses

Plenary Session2

Regional Stability in Rapidly Changing Global Security Environment

Background

Asia-Pacific countries are currently faced with traditional security threats, including maritime and territorial disputes, as well as non-traditional security threats such as cyberattacks, COVID-19 pandemic, and climate change. In addition, intensifying US-China competition has only increased instability in the Asia Pacific.

US-China competition has been seen in a number of areas including trade, technology, foreign policy, and military affairs—all of which have significantly impacted stability in the Asia-Pacific region. The clearest manifestation of this competition is the clash between the US’ Indo Pacific Strategy and China’s One Belt One Road initiative. The initiative of the Quad—whose members include the US, India, Japan, and Australia—can be seen as a result of two interworking factors: US-China strategic competition and the geographic location of the Asia-Pacific region.

Recently, European countries such as the United Kingdom, Germany, and France have begun formulating their own independent Indo-Pacific strategies after recognizing the strategic importance of this region. It means that the political and security significance and the role of this region are growing. Moreover, the appearance of new actors in this region are opening up new possibilities for multilateral cooperation to deal with existing competitions.

Given today’s global security environment, there is a growing need for countries in the Asia-Pacific region to identify areas of cooperation to deal with common security threats and to expand these areas of cooperation in order to strengthen regional stability. This session aims to discuss the major countries’ security strategies and policies toward the Asia-Pacific, and analyze their impact on the regional security environment. This session will discuss ways to establish peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region amidst deepening US-China competition.

Key Topics of Discussion

Discuss security-related strategies and policies among the major actors that have significant impact on the regional security environment in the Asia-Pacific region

Analyze traditional and non-traditional security threats in the Asia-Pacific

Seek areas of cooperation to secure stability in the Asia-Pacific region