SDD2020

Emerging Security Challenges: Overcoming through Solidarity and Cooperation

Session III

The Korean Peninsula Peace Process: Achievements, Outlook, and Challenges

Background

In order to fundamentally eliminate the threat of war from the Korean Peninsula, as well as achieve complete denuclearization and the establishment of a permanent peace, the Korean government has been actively pursuing the Peninsula Peace Process. The three inter-Korean summits held since 2018, and the facilitation of two rounds of U.S.-North Korea summits, are indicative of the numerous endeavors which were advanced in support of this end. One of the primary products of these efforts was the stable management of the Peninsula military situation through the conclusion and implementation of the Comprehensive Military Agreement (CMA, also known as the September 19 Military Agreement).

However, after an unsuccessful Hanoi summit in February 2019, inter-Korean and US-North Korea talks came to a standstill, and North Korea undertook a series of tension-elevating measures, which included demolishing the Inter-Korean Joint Liaison Office in June of 2020. As intra-Peninsula relations become increasingly strained, it is ever more evident that building confidence through sustained communication and dialogue is the necessary building block upon which we must achieve the stability and permanent peace of this region.

In order to move past the current challenges and enhance inter-Korean relations, we must not abandon the valuable points of consensus that were reached with the agreement of both sides. Instead, they must be implemented ever more faithfully and even expanded upon. Holding in our minds the peace that the two Koreas were able to enjoy together after the ‘4‧27 Panmunjom Declaration', we must resume communication and cooperation with the goal of overcoming our differences. Now is the time to look back on the path we have walked, and for the development of inter-Korean relations and peace on the Korean Peninsula, begin an in-depth discussion on our way forward.

In analyzing the progress of the Korean Peninsula peace process and examining inter-Korean and US-North Korea relations, we can identify the challenges to successfully establishing a peace regime, and assess the conditions that would be necessary to resume the process. In addition, we aim to discuss the role of neighboring countries and the possibilities for international cooperation in the process of denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula and constructing a permanent peace.

Major Discussion Points

Analyzing the security environment on the Korean Peninsula, focusing on inter-Korean and US-North Korea relations

Evaluating the performance of the peace process on the Korean Peninsula to date and identifying the way forward

Presenting tasks for the successful implementation of the Korean Peninsula Peace Process

Discussing the role of neighboring countries and international cooperation measures in building a peace regime on the Korean Peninsula